Polluter Pay Principle

  • Muskan Amit Shah
  • Show Author Details
  • Muskan Amit Shah

    Student at Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law, Mumbai, India

  • img Download Full Paper


Every coin has two sides to it. The benefits and drawbacks of the industrial revolution are similar. On the one hand, the Industrial Revolution has significantly improved people's lives in the twenty-first century. However, the industrial revolution has sadly resulted in industrial pollution. Technology has advanced significantly, and manufactured goods have largely supplanted the obsolete ones. The by-products are a necessary component of manufacturing. Therefore, the "polluter pays principle" and the "precautionary principle" are constitutional duties to stop environmental deterioration. As a result, it makes sense for a citizen to be familiar with the fundamentals of environmental law. The effects of the industrial accident are allegedly still being felt in some circumstances. Consider the Bhopal Gas Leak incident as an example. Cancer, growth retardation, and vertigo are still caused by the pollutants that seeped into the groundwater years ago. not to mention the immediate consequences of the breach. Within a few days, the lethal methyl isocyanate that floated into the dormant metropolis had killed hundreds of people. Past events like this make it even more necessary to establish rules for reducing pollution's consequences. High levels of pollution released by the car raise the issue of who will be responsible for the pollutants released—the manufacturer or the owner. This article explains the 'polluter pays' principle's reach and application.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 129 - 136

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.114012

Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021