Police Reforms in India: Why, What & When?

  • Shubhansh Patel
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  • Shubhansh Patel

    Student at O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India

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The issue of police reforms in India is a long-standing concern, marked by incidents of police brutality, delayed action, custodial deaths, and political interference within the police force. The present legislation governing the police in most Indian states dates back to the colonial-era Police Act of 1861, designed to serve British interests. In spite of several committees and commissions established post-independence, meaningful reforms have been difficult due to the governments’ reluctance to renounce control over the police. This paper critically examines the Police Act of 1861, the Model Police Act of 2006, the necessity for police reforms, the landmark Prakash Singh & Ors v Union of India & Ors case, and the challenges in implementing its directives. It underscores the urgency of reforming the police system in India, highlighting how archaic laws, political interference, and a lack of accountability have hindered effective law enforcement. The paper also discusses the Model Police Act and the need for its comprehensive adoption. With a focus on the Supreme Court's directives for reform, the paper focus on the status quo and emphasizes the importance for a more transparent, accountable, and people-centric police force. In conclusion, the paper calls for decisive action, including potential intervention by the Supreme Court, to expedite police reforms in India, considering the fundamental role of the police in ensuring a just and law-abiding society.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 5, Page 1913 - 1922

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.115945

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