Human rights constitute a major role in the development of the society, if with the evolvement of the society the human rights are not guaranteed to people, development of the society will not be that effective as it could be, this is the reason why the basic human rights are always guaranteed to the people internationally as well as at the national level. In this article the author will majorly focus on the rights of the prisoners, guaranteed to prisoners by international law as well as by national law, with the help of judicial precedents. There are many kinds of prisoners Foreign National Prisoners (FNPs), undertrial prisoners, etc. There are various international instruments that have acknowledged the rights of prisoners including the ICCPR, the ICSER and the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (also known as the Mandela Rules) reflect the significance of the reformative process while executing a sentence of imprisonment. In this paper prisoners’ rights from Indian perspective and international perspective both are discussed comprehensively.