Various types of vehicles are used in the urban areas of India. The continuous increase of vehicles is creating new problems for traffic and road transport every day. These problems are traffic congestion, air and noise pollution, accidents; travel Time delays etc. have manifested in the form of continuous increase. Increased fuel consumption at traffic signal intersections increases in journey length, increasing attractiveness of personal vehicles for travel. Vehicle use and increasing number of vehicles per household changes traffic patterns. Air pollution is increasing due to smoke. Therefore, in this research essay, the road vehicles of Nagpur city and the air pollution caused by it have been studied.