Media Trail Impact on Indian Judiciary

  • Vivek Raj Mishra
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  • Vivek Raj Mishra

    Student at Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College, Pune, India

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The phenomenon of media trials has gained significant attention in recent years, posing a serious threat to the Indian judicial system. Media trials refer to the sensationalized and often biased coverage of legal cases by the media, which can have far-reaching consequences on the fair administration of justice. This abstract explores the impact of media trials on the Indian judicial system, examining their implications for the principles of fairness, impartiality, and the presumption of innocence. The paper begins by defining media trials and providing an overview of the Indian judicial system. It highlights the importance of a fair judicial system and establishes the thesis that media trials pose a threat to it. The next section delves into the understanding of media trials, including their characteristics and different forms of media coverage, such as print, electronic, and social media. Notable high-profile cases in India are cited to illustrate the prevalence and influence of media trials. The paper then examines the various ways in which media trials affect the judicial system. It discusses the role of public opinion in shaping trial outcomes, emphasizing the potential bias and prejudgment it introduces. The principles of the presumption of innocence and the right to a fair trial are explored in the context of media trials, highlighting how media coverage can jeopardize these fundamental tenets. The distortion of facts and sensationalism by the media further exacerbate the problem, compromising the objectivity and impartiality required in the legal process. Additionally, the impact on the independence and decision-making of the judiciary is examined. The paper also addresses the ethical considerations surrounding media trials, emphasizing the responsibilities of the media in reporting legal matters and the need for adherence to professional guidelines. It explores the delicate balance between freedom of the press and the right to a fair trial. In conclusion, media trials in India undermine the principles of fairness, impartiality, and the presumption of innocence that form the bedrock of the judicial system. Addressing this issue is crucial to uphold the integrity and effectiveness of the Indian judicial system. It requires concerted efforts from all stakeholders, including the media, the judiciary, and policymakers, to strike a balance between the right to information and the right to a fair trial.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 5, Page 1042 - 1052


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