Lex Mercatoria: From Ancient Roots to Modern Commerce – Unifying Global Trade Practices

  • Raghvi Kanwal
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  • Raghvi Kanwal

    Student at National Law Institute University, India

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This article talks about the historical development and contemporary relevance of Lex Mercatoria, also known as the Law Merchant, which originated during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period. It examines how Lex Mercatoria evolved as a body of general laws and customs governing international commerce, transcending national legal systems. The concept of party autonomy, allowing contracting parties to choose the governing law for their agreements, is explored in detail, highlighting its significance in modern private international law. The article also discusses efforts to standardize international trade law through organizations like the United Nations and UNIDROIT, with examples such as the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the UNIDROIT Principles. Furthermore, it delves into the notion of a "new Lex Mercatoria" aimed at unifying international commerce law and its potential impact on global trade relations. Overall, the article underscores the enduring influence of Lex Mercatoria on contemporary international trade law and the ongoing efforts to balance party autonomy with the need for standardized legal frameworks in a complex and interconnected global economy.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 2066 - 2073

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117266

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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