It is quite possible for a person to escape to another State after committing a crime in his own State. Cases like these are on a rise with the increases of air traffic around the world. Few recent examples in India could be Vijay Mallya and Nirav Modi who are yet to be extradited, however, the procedure of extradition is not that simple. There are various treaties involved which can be complex and takes a lot of factors into consideration. In the following paper, we will be looking at the meaning, procedure, all the factors into play regarding extradition and would also see how the countries cooperate internationally to suppress the crimes globally and attempt to secure international peace.