This paper lays out the several challenges which occur due to insurgency in our country and how these challenges can be faced with better use of a combination human resources, dialogues and giving importance to the needs of such regions. According to a 2022 report by Ministry of Home Affairs, there has been a significant reduction of about 74% in incidents concerned with insurgency in India from 2014 to 2021, with Tripura and Mizoram emerging as the most peaceful states in the region. But there were still some attempts by rebel groups especially during the covid period which confirm that insurgency still exists and demonstrate the daring and savagery of the terrorists of today. The current democratic system is under constant attack by wicked forces, making it difficult to convince terrorists to change their ways. The absence of a free space in the conflict-torn region has hampered the development of civil society because draconian and divisive special laws that were put in place in the Northeast to combat insurgencies are still in place. The fact that insurgencies are still ongoing and causing a havoc, makes it imperative to understand the greater impact of these insurgencies and better insurgency tackling methods. The paper also discusses the existing policies to handle such insurgencies and the extent of their effectiveness while ruling out some other possible measures, favourable to all.