India is usually described as a country with a rapidly developing economy and advanced human development rankings. However, in India, there has been an increase in the reporting of crimes against women in the last ten years, which appears to contradict the first description. As a result, we have a problem understanding and explaining this.
In India, the number of crimes committed against women is increasing rapidly. Any form of violence against women is a serious violation of Articles 14, 15, and 21 of the Indian Constitution, which safeguard women's human rights and fundamental rights. Despite of various safeguards in place to protect women's rights and dignity, women in India's patriarchal society are oppressed and victims of various forms of violence both inside and beyond the house. Police have recently reported a large number of cases. Some incidents have decreased in the last two or three years as a result of the lockdown, but others, such as domestic violence against women, have increased dramatically in the last year.
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of what defines crime against women, the many categories of crimes committed against women as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and Special and Local Laws., and the evolution of various laws and legislations aimed at ensuring the safety and protection of women in India. The paper also discusses the various preventive actions that might be used in India to address this significant issue.