India during British Raj: Marxist View

  • Harsh Jain
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  • Harsh Jain

    Student at Dharmashastra National Law University, India

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“The Government which attacks its own innocent subjects has no claim to be called a civilized government. Bear in mind, such a government does not survive long. I declare that the blows struck at me will be the last nails in the coffin of the British rule in India.” Britishers were like “I am nothing, but I must be everything” and the foolish Indians had allowed them to rule over and exploit them. So, the Researcher in this article has focused primarily on an assortment of discrimination faced by the Indian peoples during the colonial rule, which further led to the economic inequality. He firstly discussed about the Indian economy in the pre-colonial India, in various sectors like agricultural Sector, Industrial Sector, Foreign Trade, Demographic Condition, Occupational Structure and the Infrastructure. He then looked upon aspects like racism, discrimination faced by Indian citizens due to racism and how it promotes capitalism. Also he talked about the Marxist feminism, discrimination against women, economic inequality of women with men, how British imperialism worked, how British ruled India, economic inequality among the white and black and also how the British exploitation is responsible for the India’s poverty. Researcher also putted the efforts in looking for the discrimination between the working class (Indian workforce like, employees and workers) through the Marxist view. How working class were filled with Indian while the commanding or industrial class with white men, women were treated as unequal to men, working class were not pay with the stipend or the wages according to the work they use to do, they never got the share from the profit earned by the Britishers through European markets and women were pay even less than the men. All these criteria led to the formation of many trade unions. They had certain main objectives like the distribution of the fair wages to the working class, quality of life, stop exploitation, opportunities to be given, less working hours and many others. Followed by which he also explained about the changing dimension or parameters for the economic policy after the independence and at the last researcher gave the conclusion of the research.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 4, Page 437 - 456


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