This article provides a comprehensive analysis of immigration laws and challenges in India. It explores the historical context of immigration in India, highlighting significant events such as the refugee crisis during Partition and the influx of Tibetan refugees. The article examines contemporary laws governing citizenship, visas, and foreign nationals' registration, emphasizing the distinction between immigration and temporary stays. The significance of immigration for India's economy and demographic changes is discussed, raising concerns about potential labour shortages and the impact on education and research sectors. Additionally, the article explores the historical context of illegal immigration, focusing on the influx of immigrants from Bangladesh and the challenges faced by the Indian government in handling this issue. The need for a robust legal framework for asylum seekers and refugees is emphasized, with a proposal for an Asylum Bill to address the current gaps in India's refugee policy. The article concludes by acknowledging the positive aspects of the proposed bill but also highlights areas that require improvement, such as provisions for diversified asylum, handling mixed flows, and preventing statelessness. The importance of critically analysing the bill and addressing related issues is emphasized, calling for comprehensive legislation that aligns with India's international obligations and humanitarian concerns.