In the current epoch, environmental justice is something that is quite debated upon and rightfully so, essentially due to the rampant exploitation of the environment and degradation of the same due to such exploitation. The very word environmental justice is something that has a plethora of facets to it but at the basic level, in the context of this paper, it is meant to be the rightful protection that essentially should be granted to the environment.
In most of the states in general and India in particular, legal protection can be granted by either the Government through passing legislations or by the judiciary by setting out and bolstering clear legal principles within the ambit of the already existing legalities.
This paper seeks to understand and analyze the respective roles that the Government of India and the Indian Judiciary has in imparting environmental justice to the citizens of the state. This is essentially done by analyzing particular landmark cases and delving deep into them in meticulous detail.
In the end, it proves how the Indian Judiciary has been much more proactive and effective in imparting environmental justice to the common citizens of the nation.