The paper examines the evolution of employment legislation across time, emphasising its significance for post-World War II industrialised and emerging nations alike. The role of labour law in welfare states is examined, as it plays a crucial role in establishing social foundations and organisational governance principles. After attaining independence in 1947, India deliberately implemented labour legislation with significant trade union participation, creating a distinct legal domain inside the Indian legal system. Understanding the evolution of labour laws requires a deep historical context since political and industrial battles frequently significantly reference earlier fights. India now has more than 150 state-specific labour laws and over 60 major federal labour laws that forbid discrimination, promote fair employer-employee interactions, and set minimum standards. Imagining a future where the rights of workers are a prerequisite for the growth of the economy and society is made possible by this historical trajectory. The data and material used in this study were sourced from a variety of books, law journals, statutes, and other sources using the doctrinal research approach.