Historical Development of Labour Law in India

  • Stuti Ajmera
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  • Stuti Ajmera

    Student at Unitedworld School of Law, India

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The paper examines the evolution of employment legislation across time, emphasising its significance for post-World War II industrialised and emerging nations alike. The role of labour law in welfare states is examined, as it plays a crucial role in establishing social foundations and organisational governance principles. After attaining independence in 1947, India deliberately implemented labour legislation with significant trade union participation, creating a distinct legal domain inside the Indian legal system. Understanding the evolution of labour laws requires a deep historical context since political and industrial battles frequently significantly reference earlier fights. India now has more than 150 state-specific labour laws and over 60 major federal labour laws that forbid discrimination, promote fair employer-employee interactions, and set minimum standards. Imagining a future where the rights of workers are a prerequisite for the growth of the economy and society is made possible by this historical trajectory. The data and material used in this study were sourced from a variety of books, law journals, statutes, and other sources using the doctrinal research approach.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, Page 664 - 672

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.116759

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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