Geographical Indication: Protecting the Unique Flavour of the World

  • Satyam Chauhan and Sonal Garg
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  • Satyam Chauhan

    Student at Babu Banarasi Das University Lucknow, India

  • Sonal Garg

    Advocate in India

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In an increasingly globalized and homogenized world, the preservation of unique regional identities and traditions has become a paramount concern. Geographical Indication (GI) protection has emerged as a powerful mechanism for safeguarding the distinct flavors, qualities, and cultural heritage of products tied to specific geographic regions. This article delves into the multifaceted world of GIs, highlighting their pivotal role in upholding the exceptional characteristics and flavors that define products from particular areas. One of the key facets of GI protection is the economic advantage it offers to regions and producers. Products bearing a GI label often command a price premium, as consumers are willing to pay more for goods they perceive as authentic and of high quality, owing to their specific geographic origin. Moreover, GI protection can open up new markets and expand export opportunities, boosting economic development in regions known for their unique products. However, the world of GI protection is not without its challenges. Issues like misuse and imitation, enforcement difficulties, and the need to strike a balance between tradition and innovation pose ongoing dilemmas. Additionally, as globalization continues to shape trade dynamics, protecting GIs across borders has become a complex task, often resulting in trade disputes. Looking ahead, the future of GI protection appears promising. Digital technologies, particularly blockchain, are set to enhance enforcement by providing immutable records of product origins, bolstering customer confidence. GIs are also expanding into non-agricultural sectors, illustrating their dynamic nature and potential for cultural preservation and economic growth. Environmental sustainability considerations are increasingly coming to the forefront, further enhancing the appeal of GI products. Furthermore, efforts for global harmonization in a world characterized by international trade and globalization are on the horizon, aiming to streamline GI registration processes and improve cross-border enforcement mechanisms.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 271 - 281


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