From Genes to Justice: Ethical Dilemmas and Scientific Advancements in DNA Profiling for Legal Cases

  • Dr Geeta Y. Gupta and Dr Yogesh A. Gupta
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  • Dr Geeta Y. Gupta

    Assistant Professor at Narnarayan Shastri Institute of Technology Institute of Forensic Science and Cyber Security, Gujarat, India

  • Dr Yogesh A. Gupta

    Senior Consultant Physician at Sterling Hospitals, Gujarat, India

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The utility of DNA in humans is continually expanding as scientific research advances, leading to new discoveries and applications across various fields. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, serves as the genetic blueprint for all living organisms, including humans. For long it has being used for genetic information, treatment of genetic disorders, pharmaceutical research, biotechnology research, paternity test and cancer research/ treatment. DNA profiling has emerged as a powerful tool in forensic science, revolutionizing the field of criminal investigations and legal proceedings. The DNA profiling and its pivotal role in establishing individual identity, elucidating biological relationships, and aiding law enforcement agencies in solving crimes. India enacted the landmark bill called The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019 and with this it opened many areas of research which Indian forensic scientist could not do due to ethical issues and controversies surrounding its acceptability in legal proceedings. This paper will try to study the act and vast possibilities of DNA Profiling and Genealogy in legal proceedings.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, Page 128 - 140


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