Freedom of Religion or Belief as a Human Right in India

  • Eshabi Nadim Sayyed and Ansari Humaira Nisar Ahamed
  • Show Author Details
  • Eshabi Nadim Sayyed

    Student at Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law, Mumbai University, Maharashtra, India

  • Ansari Humaira Nisar Ahamed

    Student at Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law, Mumbai University, Maharashtra, India

  • img Download Full Paper


India is a model for religious harmony where people of different religions live peacefully and in harmony. It has a great heritage." Religion is a question of conviction or trust. The Indian constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion under Articles 25 to 28 because it acknowledges the significance of religion in Indian society. Every person has the freedom and right to choose and practice any religion they choose, according to the Indian Constitution, which also envisions a secular society. The Apex Court has determined that secularism is the fundamental framework of the Constitution in a number of cases, the most significant of which was the Kesavananda Bharati case. The major religions practiced by Indians are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Christianity. There are laws in India that are specific to certain religions, and the Goa Civil Code is the only uniform civil code in existence for a state. Because of the Constitution's support for religious harmony, Indians are tolerant of and loving toward all of the nation's major religions India is a secular nation without a recognized state religion. That being said, this also implies that all religions and faiths are treated equally in India. The term appears in the Constitution's Basic Structure as well. The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution added it. In India, there is no distinction between the powers of the various religious groups. "The right to freedom of religion is not only a constitutionally guaranteed right, but it is also a duty that must be upheld for the general welfare and advancement of society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 969 - 985


Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021