Freedom of Press and Trial by Media

  • Priyanshu Palariya
  • Show Author Details
  • Priyanshu Palariya

    Student at Centre for Legal Studies, Gitarattan International Business School, Rohini, Delhi, India

  • img Download Full Paper


The growth of the technological advancement has significantly increased the reach of media to every part of India. With this the need of free speech has become relevant and requirement of time so that every citizen can keep his or her opinion or idea without any fear. It also became important for the press or media to display opinions, ideas, and philosophies without any terror of censorship. Therefore, they were guaranteed freedom of speech and expression by the Constitution of India as the fundamental right. Due to this right, media which is considered to be the fourth pillar in Indian democracy, has efficiently worked as the watchdog and has vigilantly looked upon the working of legislature and executive and in time to time has revealed the loopholes in the system and wrongdoings of the government. It has become a channel of communication between normal citizen and the government. The problems of a common man are put forward to the government by media, but due to no proper channel for regulation of news, the media has many a times violated this right. It has also intervened in the working of the judiciary by starting the parallel trial of cases time to time which has been famously phrased as ‘Media Trial’. Many a time’s media’s coverage on any case has deeply impacted the real trial which is undergoing in the court of law by creating a biased environment towards one party, which in result impacts the psychological state of the judges who are undertaking the trial. Therefore this article focuses on freedom of speech and expression and analysis media trial and its affect. It also analysis the freedom of press under the ambit of freedom of speech and expression which is guaranteed as a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution of India.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 5, Page 322 - 331


Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021