The formulation of research problems is a cornerstone of reflective thinking in scientific inquiry. This process transforms issues into clear questions, laying the groundwork for research and guiding researchers in contributing to knowledge. Originating from "Proballein," research problems embody an inquisitive approach, motivating investigation. To qualify as research problems, they must meet criteria like significance, relevance, practicality, and originality. Identifying problems leads to focused research directions, while literature review offers context. Problems arise from various sources, like personal experiences, real-world issues, or gaps in prior research. Selecting problems involves factors such as creativity, objectives, and societal relevance. Formulating research problems is a compass that fosters curiosity and collective enlightenment, even in resource-limited times.