Federalism in the Indian Context: A Comprehensive Analysis

  • Vanshika Chaudhary
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  • Vanshika Chaudhary

    Student at University School of Law and Legal Studies, GGSIPU, India

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The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the concept of federalism in the Indian context. Federalism is a form of government in which there are different governments at the Centre and the State levels. In India, we follow the quasi-federal system of government, which is a unique blend of both federal and unitary features. It highlights the significance of federalism in fostering harmony and cooperation between the Centre and the States. It explores how federalism serves as a mechanism for accommodating regional aspirations in India. The paper outlines the constitutional framework of federalism in India along with the distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the States. It also provides the historical evolution of federalism in India and discusses the Government of India Act, 1935 in brief. It also elucidates the nature federalism in India by referring to the works of Prof. K.C. Wheare and Ivor Jennings. It also delineates the defining features of Indian federalism such as dual polity, division of powers, strong centre, single citizenship, supremacy of the Constitution and emergency provisions, among others. The paper also provides the description of the contemporary challenges to Indian federalism along with citing examples for the same. It explores the challenges faced by Indian federalism such as disputes for resource allocation and the need for improved fiscal federalism. Furthermore, it provides several recommendations for strengthening Indian federalism. In conclusion, the comprehensive analysis presented in this paper underscores the dynamic and evolving nature of federalism in the Indian context and its crucial role in maintaining national unity while retaining diversity.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, Page 969 - 980

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.116817

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