European Women and Indian Nationalism

  • Khushboo Bansal
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  • Khushboo Bansal

    Student at National Law University, Nagpur, India

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This research paper investigates the significant, yet often overlooked contributions of European women to the Indian nationalist movement, uncovering how they navigated the complex landscape of colonial India through political activism and cultural exchange The study starts by examining the broader role of women in Indian nationalism, showing how they played crucial roles in challenging norms and fighting for independence. It then focuses on notable European women such as Margaret Noble, Madeliene Slade, Catherine Heilmann, Annie Besant6, Muriel Lester, etc who supported India's freedom struggle by advocating for political rights, promoting education and healthcare and bridging cultural divides. Despite facing obstacles due to their foreign status, gender roles, cultural affiliations and patriotic expectations, these women showed great resilience and dedication. The project also looks at how their contributions have been recognized over time, noting that their roles were initially overshadowed by national figures, men, indigenous revolutionaries but are now being acknowledged more in one or the other way. Overall, the study shows that European women played a vital role in enriching the nationalist movement, influencing anti-colonial strategies, challenging gender norms and fostering cross-cultural exchanges. This recognition and realisation open doors for more comprehensive and accommodating discourses on Indian nationalist struggle thus helping to better understand the collaborative efforts that defined India's struggle for independence and reflects a shared desire for global solidarity, self-determination, women empowerment, humanity and independence.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 2046 - 2063


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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