Environment Protection and Indian Constitutional Law

  • Khushi Katre
  • Show Author Details
  • Khushi Katre

    Student at NMIMS, India

  • img Download Full Paper


Our cultural beliefs and traditions include environmental preservation, and a sound environment is essential to the welfare state. One of the major social issues with lasting impacts on society is environmental degradation. The basic objective of socialism, which is to ensure that everyone has access to a decent level of living that is attainable in a pollution-free environment, must now be accomplished by our country. Our Constitution's preamble, which is built on a "Socialistic" social structure and emphasizes social issues, states as much. The Indian Constitution did not initially make any explicit provisions for environmental preservation because of the “The Stockholm Conference “and the growing knowledge of the environmental crisis led to the Indian government passing the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution in 1976. “The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986” defines environment as "the interrelationship that exists among and between air, water, and land and humans, other living organisms, plants, and microorganisms." Currently, Articles 14, 19, 21, 48A, 49A, and 51A of the Indian Constitution clearly require every citizen to protect the environment. Knowledge of constitutional provisions pertaining to environmental protection is necessary to increase public participation and environmental consciousness, thereby sensitizing the populace to preserve ecosystems and the environment.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 3484 - 3492

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.115206

Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021