Debt bondage, another name for bond labor, is a socioeconomic practice that has its roots in colonial history, class dynamics, and the enduring poverty of a large portion of the populace. It is distinguished by a long-term, deeply ingrained relationship in India between an employer and employee, which is typically cemented through a loan. This study explores the complex web of social injustice and economic exploitation that characterizes the phenomenon of bonded labor in India. It aims to disentangle the socioeconomic elements that propel people into slavery, the workings of this exploitative system, and the wider ramifications for social justice in the nation. It also looks at how non-governmental organizations, grassroots movements, and government policies can help address and end bonded labor, with the goal of promoting a thorough understanding of the nuances surrounding this widespread problem.