The current state of air pollution in India is a major worry. Numerous Indian towns are among the most polluted in the world, according to a recent survey. The industrial and transportation sectors are the two main sources of air pollution. Among these, the industrial sector is responsible for 51% of air pollution, and the transportation sector for 27%. Every year, 2 million Indians die before their time due to air pollution. Electric Vehicles (EV) can help to reduce GHG emissions and hence help to reduce air pollution. Numerous benefits, including a drop in pollution and lower costs for oil imports, are provided by electric vehicles. Even Nevertheless, there are many risks involved with introducing electric vehicles in India.
In addition to EVs, hybrid cars have a lot of potential in the Indian market. A hybrid vehicle is one that draws its power from two or more different sources, such as submarines that operate on batteries when submerged and diesel when they are surfaced. To enhance both fuel and energy economy, hybrid powertrains are made to switch between different power sources. For instance, in hybrid electric vehicles, the combustion engine is better at maintaining high speed while the electric motor is more effective at providing torque, or turning power. The three main advantages of hybridization are increased efficiency, lower emissions, and cheaper operating costs when compared to non-hybrid vehicles.
This article provides a quick review of the research on electric vehicles and lists the benefits and drawbacks of marketing EVs in India while comparing them to hybrid cars.