“Child is the father of man”, this saying by an English poet has eternal value. How a child may be the father of man that can be well realized from the fact that after the man, his child is the next. The quality, standard, morality and capabilities of a child have much bearing in keeping a particular society alive. If the child becomes unfit the society ceases to thrive at all. Keeping such a view in mind our nation has given appropriate attention for child education in the country. Child’s education is made compulsory and free from six years to fourteen years. Therefore Elementary Education became a fundamental right in India after six decades of independence. In spite of the concerted efforts being made by the Government, the status of literacy in India is still not very fascinating. Because, every year, a large number of students drop out of school and as such it reduces the literacy rate of the country and creates a non-innovative environment. A large number of children remain out of school which is the main cause of educational deprivation of children. In order to make our nation educationally developed, it is very important to analysis the causes of school drop-outs , then only effective remedial measures will be taken. As such, a study on this arena is essential and a need of time. In this paper, a clearer insight is going to be shown after collecting requisite primary and secondary data on drop- out children and its reasons which is a burning issue now-a-days for universal education.