Critical Analysis of the Indian Laws Relating To Recent Pandemics

  • Ekta Sood
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  • Ekta Sood

    Assistant Professor at HIMCAPES College of Law, Una, HP, India

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Today, we live in a world surrounded by epidemic popularly known as Covid-19 or Coronavirus. This virus easily spreads mainly because of close contact with other person. To avoid the transmission of this virus or to break the chain of Covid-19, government of our country along with other countries of the world imposed lockdown. Therefore, it is extremely important to understand the legislative intent behind the proposed lockdown. In India, the government, Centre or State, derives its powers to issue certain orders and instructions from the two key laws. They are: The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, and the Disaster Management Act, 2005. Apart from these two legislations, there are various other legislations under which government has powers to issue stricter orders. This paper focuses on all the legislations under which our government is empowered to issue guidelines and instructions to control the present situation. But the question arises that all these legislations are age old and are these sufficient to control the pandemic in this current situation where population is much bigger and we have other issues to deal with. This paper critically analyzes the present laws that deal with the recent pandemics and also mentioned certain suggestions and recommendations to control this widespread pandemic.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 4, Page 938 - 949


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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