In its most basic form, the protection of human rights is the protection of human dignity. The National Human Rights Commission must fulfill this lofty goal. It is a goal that is derived not only from the Commission's statute but also from Article 21 of the Constitution, which the Supreme Court has interpreted to indicate that everyone in India has a right to live in dignity. There should be no question or hesitancy about the Constitution's mandate to defend human rights and dignity. The responsibility to understand and follow this imperative increase with power. Mahatma Gandhi, who had an unmatched ability to speak the truth simply and plainly, phrased it like as follow: “It has always been a mystery to me how men can feel themselves honored by the humiliation of their fellow beings.” Therefore, Gandhiji's observation and truth should be continually kept in mind by every Indian citizen, especially by State employees. That would help us get closer to a world where everyone can live in dignity. This Annual Report is a succinct account of the National Human Rights Commission's efforts in 2000–2001 to further that cause. In this article the researchers are analyzing individual’s rights with regard to DNA test and constitutional validity of such tests in criminal justice system.