Comparison of Euthanasia Laws in Belgium, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom

  • Dasari Divya
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  • Dasari Divya

    Student at Reva University, India

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The deliberate taking of a person's life to eliminate suffering is still a hotly debated topic across the globe. The rules governing euthanasia in Belgium, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom are compared in this abstract. The objective is to investigate the end-of-life decision-making processes, safeguards, and public attitudes in these jurisdictions. According to the Suicide Act of 1961, euthanasia is still prohibited in the United Kingdom. However, the subject has received a lot of attention recently, sparking discussions of legalising assisted suicide. Numerous high-profile cases have sparked public debates and brought attention to the necessity for a thorough legal system to address the complicated moral and practical implications of euthanasia. On the other hand, the Netherlands and Belgium have implemented various euthanasia-related legislative strategies. With the passage of the Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide Act in 2002, the Netherlands became the first nation to make euthanasia lawful. Patients who are in terrible pain may seek euthanasia under tight guidelines and procedural safeguards, with the concurrence of several doctors. Although continuous discussions and advancements influence its interpretation and application, the legislation guarantees openness, accountability, and protection for those who are most in need. Similar to other countries, Belgium legalised euthanasia in 2002 via the Act on Euthanasia, with a focus on protecting patients' autonomy and dignity when they are experiencing unending agony. The law allows euthanasia for adults and older minors who are considered to be able to give informed permission. Strong measures are in place to prevent abuse and defend the rights of patients, including several medical consultations, a waiting period, and reporting requirements. This study contributes to the current conversation about end-of-life options by examining the legal systems and social situations around euthanasia in the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Belgium. Examining the efficacy of regulatory frameworks and their effects on people, healthcare professionals, and society at large requires an understanding of the similarities, variations, and changing perspectives within different countries.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 2506 - 2512


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