Collegium System in India: Criticism, Comparison and Future

  • Aarya Maheshwari and Saksham Sharma
  • Show Author Details
  • Aarya Maheshwari

    Student at O.P. Jindal Global University, India

  • Saksham Sharma

    Student at O.P. Jindal Global University, India

  • img Download Full Paper


In India, there has been a national debate about how judges of the Supreme Court and High Court are chosen. Prior to the establishment of the Indian Supreme Court, judicial appointments were primarily the responsibility of the executive. The collegium system, which the Chief Justice of India and senior judges of the Supreme Court use to make new appointments to the Supreme Court and the High Courts, was established by the Supreme Court in 1993. The Indian Supreme Court declared the law unconstitutional after Parliament amended the Constitution in 2014 and passed a bill to establish a commission to select judges. The collegium method of choosing and transferring judges in the higher courts has been the topic of much criticism, and it has been blamed on disagreements between the judiciary and the administration, as well as the slow pace of judicial appointments. Critics have pointed out that the system is opaque because there is no formal procedure or public accountability.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 3463 - 3472


Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021