Collective Responsibility of Ministers under the Indian Constitution

  • Shivika Sharma and Arsheya Aashna Sagar
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  • Shivika Sharma

    Student at National Law University, Jodhpur, India

  • Arsheya Aashna Sagar

    Student at National Law University, Jodhpur, India

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"The resilience of a team lies within the unique contributions of its members, while the collective effort of each member bolsters the team as a whole."The council of ministers, in a democracy, are the representatives of the citizens and, in turn, decision-makers of the country. As the cabinet ministers form the majority government, they are collectively responsible for all the policies and their implementation. Through this paper, the authors have studied the essence of the constitutional provision of collective responsibility of the cabinet ministers and attempted to explore the facets or features of this customised responsibility of the majoritarian council of ministers. The features of collective responsibility include Ministers acting as a unit aligned with the majority view, maintaining secrecy, and accountability to the citizens. The paper stipulates constitutional provisions that have vested the council of ministers with collective responsibility. The authors have also compared and contrasted the stipulated provision in the Indian constitution with the individual responsibility of the ministers. In the latter part of the paper, the authors have analysed & interpreted the provision of collective responsibility. The references of this paper include a combination of primary and secondary resources -- books, research articles, case laws, and constitutional provisions. In conclusion, the authors have encapsulated the discourse by addressing the contemporary relevance of the constitutional provision of collective responsibility within a democratic framework, alongside emphasising the importance of ministerial accountability to the parliament. Ultimately, "The accountability of leaders acts as the cohesive force uniting dedication to achieving results, thus reflecting the caliber of leadership."


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 1735 - 1751


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