Child Marriage in India: A Social Legal Analysis

  • Christabella Maria Melchior
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  • Christabella Maria Melchior

    Student at Lovely Professional University, India

  • Isha Manchanda

    Assistant Professor at Lovely Professional University, India

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Marriage, as a way of generating a family through which society can continue to exist from generation to generation, is the most important social institutions. This social process is expressed through rituals and symbols. In India, on the other hand, 45 percent of females under the age of 18 are married. With 74.5 percent of children under the age of 18 married, Niger tops the world, followed by Chad, Mali, Bangladesh, Guinea, and the Central African Republic, with 71.5, 70.6, 66.62, 63.1, and 57 percent, respectively. The majority of females who marry before they turn 18 come from impoverished or below-poverty-line (BPL) homes, with both their families and themselves being illiterate. Domestic abuse (beatings, slaps, or threats) and health concerns are implicated in the majority of these child marriages, and it affects more than 80% of girls physically and mentally. Pregnant girls under the age of 18 are more likely to experience problems, and there have been reports of deaths, early births, and other complications during childbirth. Girls under the age of 15 had a five-fold higher chance of dying following childbirth than women in their 20s. Fertility is very high among young persons under the age of 18. In child brides, feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, and severe depression are common prodrome of sexual assault and post-abrasion stress disorder. For decades in India, children have been married. Their numbers have recently decreased as a result of the adoption and implementation of several anti-practice regulations. Child marriage is particularly widespread in tribal parts of Tamil Nadu. This study questioned 153 girls who were married before they became 18 years old. 65 percent of the sample married between the ages of 17 and 18, 28 percent between the ages of 15 and 16, and 7.2 percent between the ages of 13 and 14. The reasons for the child marriages, the age at which the respondents had their first child, and the forms of maltreatment they suffered all help to put the plight of married female minors into perspective. As a society, there are few things we can do to aid and support the government in teaching our societies or population (citizens/civilians) on the implications and repercussions of child marriage, as we know that little girls are more likely or are the major victims of child marriage than male children, and they have no power or say, so as a society, we should try our hardest to alter so that the system may be demolished.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 5, Issue 3, Page 812 - 828


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