This article critically analyses the ethics of capital punishment in India, delving into the multifaceted aspects that influence the practice. Capital punishment, or the death penalty, has long been a subject of intense debate globally. India, as one of the world's largest democracies, is no exception to this discourse. The article examines the ethical justifications for and against capital punishment, considering legal frameworks, societal perceptions, human rights implications, and international perspectives. Drawing upon relevant case studies, legislative developments, and historical data, the study aims to provide a holistic understanding of the ethical challenges surrounding capital punishment in India. Ultimately, the article seeks to contribute to the ongoing discourse on capital punishment by addressing the complexities of its practice within the Indian context.