Beyond Bars: Addressing India’s Prison Crisis through Reforms and Alternatives

  • Sagar and Ani Deval
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  • Sagar

    LL.M. Student at Amity Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

  • Ani Deval

    LL.M. Student at Amity Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

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This legal research article examines the issues of overcrowding and the need for alternative sentencing methods within the Indian criminal justice system. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current legal framework and its shortcomings in addressing these problems, while offering viable suggestions to improve the lives of prisoners, their families, and reduce prison overcrowding. The article begins with an analysis of the pre-sentencing, sentencing, and post-sentencing stages of the criminal justice process, highlighting the limited options available to courts in each stage. The study acknowledges that while some alternatives to imprisonment, such as probation and community service, are present in the legal framework, their utilization remains insufficient. The research also emphasizes that despite the existence of these alternatives, India's prisons continue to be overcrowded and certain demographic groups are overrepresented. The article further examines the role of the judiciary in prison administration and its shift in attitude towards prisoners' rights and prison reform. Notable Supreme Court cases that have shaped prison jurisprudence in India are discussed, illustrating the evolving perspective on rehabilitation and the administration of prison justice. Finally, the study offers a series of suggestions to address the challenges faced by the Indian criminal justice system. These recommendations range from implementing mobile complaint boxes and establishing Prisoner Assistance Funds to amending the Indian Penal Code to include community service as a penalty. The study also advocates for enhancing the role of the National Human Rights Commission and utilizing probation services more frequently. In conclusion, this legal research article emphasizes the need for a comprehensive approach to prison reform and alternative sentencing methods in India, to alleviate overcrowding and improve the lives of prisoners and their families.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 1772 - 1785


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