Artificial intelligence technology (AI) with its great influence is considered one of the outstanding achievements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. As a technological invention, the first value of Artificial Intelligence is to serve people's lives and bring material convenience to humans. However, the downside of Artificial Intelligence is that can support and become an agent for human rights violations has posed several legal challenges to states in preventing the misuse of Artificial Intelligence. This article summarizes information in analytical reports of certain reputable research agencies to explore basic legal issues related to artificial intelligence and the impact of artificial intelligence on human rights. Through observation method, descriptive method, and case study in some developing countries in Asia, the article points out the gaps in human rights law, and the challenges facing Southeast Asia developing countries in achieving the dual goal of ensuring human rights and making the most of AI achievements. Thereby, the article suggests some solutions for the challenges and impacts on human rights arising from the widespread development of artificial intelligence in developing countries in the future.