Analyzing the Role of Dharma in Shaping Ancient Indian Political Thought

  • Dr. Preeti Singh
  • Show Author Details
  • Dr. Preeti Singh

    Assistant Professor at Harlal school of Law, India

  • img Download Full Paper


This research delves into the examination of ancient Indian political science, shedding light on the synthesis of political ideals and Dharma within the governance principles of contemporary rulers. Ancient political thinkers like Manu, Yagvalkavya, and Kautilya extensively discuss the incorporation of Dharma into political and administrative frameworks, providing explicit guidelines for royal duties. Dharma serves as a moral compass, restraining rulers from power misuse and guiding them towards righteous conduct. Despite the absence of stringent legal constraints, Dharma's ethical and moral principles wield more influence than constitutional ideals, shaping the behaviour of rulers. The concept of Rajdharma emerges, defining the duties of rulers and warriors. Guided by Dharma, the warrior's code of conduct encourages just warfare, discourages excessive violence, and emphasizes self-sacrifice for duty. The warrior class, envisioned in service of duty, follows Dharma to prevent atrocities during war, delineating ethical boundaries for rulers. The synthesis of political and ethical principles, underscored by Dharma, provides a framework for just and righteous governance in ancient India.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, Page 222 - 231


Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021