Forests are crucial to Earth's life. They cleanse the air we breathe, filtrate the water that we drink, prevent soil erosion; also, serve as a critical buffer against climatic changes. Till, the year 1976 forest came under the state list. According to the Forest Act of 1927, forests are under the supervision of forest departments. The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution chose to add both forests and animals to the Concurrent list due to their importance, bringing them under the control of both the Central and State governments. The States and the Centre can now enact legislation on matters pertaining to forest areas and wildlife protection. The author in this Art has explained the evolution of the forest laws post colonial era. In this Art emphasis is also given on forest rights. There has been lack in regulation of forest rights. The author has analyzed the laws that are made for the protection of forest and its implementation in current scenario. The author has also discussed the movement in brief that led to development of forest laws. Along with this the author has pointed the loopholes of forest bureaucracy in implementation of various acts and policies. The author has given suggestions pertaining to protection of forest and wildlife through forest right act.