An Empirical Study on Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System with reference to Chennai

  • Sanjay Narayanan L.
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  • Sanjay Narayanan L.

    Student at Saveetha School of Law, Chennai, India

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Racial disparities within the criminal justice system have been a topic of considerable debate and concern globally. While much attention has been given to such disparities in Western contexts, relatively little research has focused on this issue in non-Western societies. This empirical study aims to fill this gap by examining racial disparities within the criminal justice system in Chennai, India. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, utilising both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. Quantitative data will be gathered through the analysis of official crime statistics, court records, and demographic information of individuals involved in the criminal justice system in Chennai. Qualitative data will be obtained through interviews and focus group discussions with key stakeholders, including law enforcement officials, legal professionals, community leaders, and individuals who have interacted with the criminal justice system. The research will focus on several key areas, including patterns of arrest, prosecution, sentencing, and incarceration among different racial groups in Chennai. It will also examine the factors contributing to racial disparities within the criminal justice system, such as socioeconomic status, access to legal representation, and discrimination within law enforcement and judicial processes. By analysing both quantitative and qualitative data, this study seeks to provide a comprehensive understanding of racial disparities within the criminal justice system in Chennai. The findings of this research will have significant implications for policymakers, law enforcement agencies, legal practitioners, and advocacy groups working to address racial inequalities within the criminal justice system.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 2503 - 2520


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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