An Analysis of the Legal and Ethical Consequences of the Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Criminal Investigations

  • Mrinmay Karmakar and Istapada Bhattacharya
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  • Mrinmay Karmakar

    Student at University of Engineering and Management Kolkata, India

  • Istapada Bhattacharya

    Student at University of Engineering and Management Kolkata, India

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Law enforcement procedures could be revolutionised by artificial intelligence (AI), but there are also important ethical and legal issues that need to be addressed. The use of AI in criminological investigations is discussed in this essay along with its ethical and legal implications. From a legal standpoint, the employment of AI poses questions about bias, fairness, and privacy. The issue of due process emerges when AI systems are used to make judgements that have an impact on people's lives without any disclosure or recourse. When AI systems acquire, use, and retain personal data without the necessary protections, a privacy concern arises. The bias issue emerges when pre-existing social biases and inequities are amplified and reinforced by AI systems. The application of AI raises moral concerns about responsibility, openness, and justice. When there is a problem with responsibility, When AI systems are utilised to make choices without clear lines of duty or accountability, a problem with accountability results. When AI systems are obscured and difficult to comprehend for individuals whose actions may be impacted, transparency issues arise. There is a problem with justice when AI systems perpetuate and amplify pre-existing social inequities and injustices. Despite the likelihood that it will improve law enforcement procedures, it is important to employ caution when using AI in criminal investigations to avoid moral and legal fallout. The suggested paradigm can act as a road map for the ethical application of AI to court procedures, guaranteeing that these programmes are open, accountable, fair, and subject to human review.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 2085 - 2091


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