Alternative Dispute Resolution: Types, Benefits and Drawback

  • Pinki Krishnarao Churad
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  • Pinki Krishnarao Churad

    Assistant Professor at G H Raisoni Law College, Nagpur, India

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This paper examines the various methods of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) as an effective and efficient alternative to traditional Court-based litigation in India. It provides a means for disputing parties to reach an amicable settlement with the assistance of a neutral third party. ADR is applicable to a wide range of matters, including industrial, family disputes, civil, commercial, where negotiation between disputing parties may be challenging or unsuccessful. In ADR, the neutral third-party acts as a facilitator to assist the parties communicate effectively, discuss their differences, and work together to find a mutually agreeable solution. The paper delves into the four primary modes of ADR. Negotiation the most informal mode, involves direct communication between disputing parties to approach mutually acceptable agreement. Meditation, a voluntary process facilitated by a neutral third party, aims to help parties in finding common ground and crafting a solution. Arbitration a more formal process, entails presenting the dispute to a neutral arbitrator or panel of arbitrators whose decision is binding on the parties. Conciliation, a blend of meditation and arbitration, allows the conciliator to propose solutions while maintain the voluntary nature of the process. Furthermore, the research explores the legal framework and institutional support for ADR in various jurisdiction. Legislative provisions and Court rulings impacting the integration and acceptance of ADR are evaluated, highlighting the commitment of governments to embrace ADR as an important part of the justice. While ADR presents various advantages, the paper also addresses some challenges and criticism. Ensuring the enforceability of ADR agreements, dealing with power imbalances between parties and guarding against potential misuse are important consideration in enhancing the credibility and effectiveness of ADR.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 951 - 963


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