Public interest litigation (PIL) is a term used in Indian law to describe legal action done to protect the public interest. It is a sort of lawsuit in which the court or any other private person, rather than the injured party, files a case in a court of law. A person who has been the victim of a violation of his or her rights is not necessary to appear in court in person. When a victim lacks the financial means to file a case, or when his right to go to court has been hindered or encroached upon, such situations can develop. On the behalf of this study, it’s concluded that Public interest litigation (PIL) has a vital role in the civil justice system in that it could achieve those objectives which could hardly be achieved through conventional private litigation. PIL, for example, provides underprivileged parts of society with a path to justice, provides a channel for enforcing diffused or collective rights, and helps civil society to not only raise awareness about human rights but also participate in government decision-making. The Indian PIL experience, on the other hand, demonstrates the importance of ensuring that PIL does not become a front for pursuing commercial interests, settling political scores, or gaining easy attention.