Abetment of Suicide (Section. 306 of Indian Penal Code)

  • Pitta Isaac Newton
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  • Pitta Isaac Newton

    Advocate in India

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A person who does not himself commit a crime, may however command, urge, encourage, induce, request, or help a third person to bring it about and thereby be guilty of the offence of abetment. The term ‘abet’ in general usage means to assist, advance, aid, conduce, help and promote. In Corpus Juris Secundum, the meaning of the word 'abet' has been given as under: To abet has been defined as meaning to aid; to assist to give aid; to command, to procure, or to counsel, to countenance, to encourage, counsel, induce, or assist, to encourage or to set another on to commit. Death of a person attracts many offences to be determined. In other words death can take place by culpable homicide, murder, suicide or abetment to suicide. Facts and circumstances of case constitute a particular crime. In cases when there is no murder obviously give signals of suicide or abetment of suicide. If a person commits suicide due to reason not known, nobody is liable for that incident but if a person commits suicide due to abetment of somebody, it is a serious matter and a crime punishable to the abettor. In I.P.C. key section 306 deals with abetment to suicide cases.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 3, Page 4520 - 4532

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.111006

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