A Study of Indigenous Rights and Canada: United States Border through the Analysis of Historic Legal Precedents (19th-20th century) and Recent Implications

  • Meenakshi Singh,
  • Dilraj Singh and Prabsimran Singh
  • Show Author Details
  • Meenakshi Singh

    Student at Symbiosis International University, India.

  • Dilraj Singh

    Student at Symbiosis International University, India.

  • Prabsimran Singh

    Student at Symbiosis International University, India.

  • img Download Full Paper


America has expanded in size during the past several centuries as a result of the accession of numerous territories. The annexation of areas with indigenous populations has caused issues for such populations, more particularly, in the American border regions, where arbitrary boundaries have divided indigenous populations. Where certain groups formerly freely engaged with one another, today are divided and occasionally subject to criminal prosecution for upholding long-standing customs. Canadian policies changed as local motives replaced British ones. Subsequently, policies changed based on their interactions with the US. Although northern leaders considered the tribes as partners in trade and the military in 1800, American authorities perceived them as foes. Treaties negotiated by both countries became more lopsided over the years. Despite the frequent acts of violence in the US, as the century went on, the contrasts diminished, and towards its conclusion, the two nations faced disastrous outcomes This paper falls into a broader scope and claims that throughout most of the 19th century, the governments of the United States and Canada pursued identical objectives with their policies concerning indigenous peoples. They hoped to eliminate the original peoples' distinct identity by assimilating them into the two communities in addition to obtaining the resources and the land from the native populations. Despite their rules appearing to be almost identical and their general similarities, Canadian and American officials typically adopted distinct implementation strategies for their regulations. The research paper delves into analyses of historic legal precedents (from nineteenth to the twentieth century) to address the aforementioned concerns. Further, the research examines the present status of the legal-political issues comparably.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 5, Issue 5, Page 414 - 419

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.113576

Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLMH 2021