New Labour Law Codes Embarking a Precarious Journey​​

Shambhavi Gupta
Symbiosis Law School, Noida, India.

Volume IV, Issue I, 2021

Effective and comprehensive labour law legislations are vital to succinctly define the rights and obligations of both employers and employees to suit the present business environment. In light of the same, Parliament has enacted three new labour codes repealing 25 old archaic labour laws. These laws aim to streamline, organize and consolidate the laws dealing with health conditions, occupational safety and working conditions of workers, industrial regulations, social security etc. The objective of this paper is to discuss the important provisions of these Codes which were not present in the earlier legislations. An attempt has also been made to discuss the positive aspects of the Code especially in relation to the balance drawn between the rights of the workers and demands of a growing economy. Further, the paper will try to point out the apparent shortcomings in the Codes which could have been avoided and which render many rights and benefits given to workers as empty promises. The paper finally suggests that Government needs to reconsider and redraft some of the provisions of the Codes to make them more effective and coherent.​