Migration under World Trade Organization, Is this a Correct Insertion?

Srutee Badu
O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India

Volume I, Issue III, 2018

Migration is taken up as an international agenda and given recognition under article 1 of GATS 1995. The history of human existence was based on this particular idea and there was a time because of industrialization, there were measures taken to increase migration. However, the preceding phase saw regulations and restrictions being imposed as this created a burden on the economy of the countries.  The General Agreement of Trade and Tariff was set up by WTO for the smooth functioning of trade. However, this paper argues that the issue of migration is not limited to the economic opportunities, rather it can be based on a number of events like natural calamities, war, better quality of life, higher income. Therefore, the question comes down to whether WTO id the right organization who can regulate laws relating to international migration?

The Mode 4 application is based on the same principle of MFN and each country has to commit their service sector through schedule of commitments. So, in reality the countries do not open certain service sector and use methods like VISA rejection without any valid reasons. Also Mode 4 is tilt towards high-skilled educationalist and not the labour force. The purpose of this paper is to show that WTO has expanded and exceeded its power regarding this particular issue. The reasons behind this is the hoax idea of development and the power play that is still persistent in the world through international organizations. The scope for negotiations and creating a different platform of migration would definitely help.


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