Khalistan Movement: The Genesis of Soviet Russia​​

Harjeet Singh
Department of Political Science, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Volume IV, Issue I, 2021

The Khalistan movement was a series of disinformation campaigns led by the Soviet Union through various procedures such as media infiltration, the political bargaining, and strategic alliance, which intensify during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, the United States backed the Pakistan regime to oppose the USSR as a retaliation USSR vigorously engaged with the Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the campaign of mass subversion where the Sikh resistance against government interventions was portrayed as Anti-National activities to elicit the goal of union disengagement transition into the western front war to divert the resources of the west during the Afghan-Russo war. The Khalistan movement was explicitly hyped to develop general moral consensus by nurturing anti-Sikh sentiments by Committee for State Security KGB by depicting the Sikh leadership as anti-Hindus. The obstacles for the Soviet Union in India were the Sikhs because of their resistance against Soviet policies towards religion; declassified documents reveal that USSR indoctrination of Indira Gandhi turned India into a Vassal State of the Soviets, furthering to achieve the mass scale invasion of Pakistan through Punjab under the banner of India liberation for Khalistan; for that KGB manufactured documents of the Punjab Secession movement, known as the Khalistan movement and laid down the foundation of India’s destruction. This paper addressed the timeline between 1944 to June 1984 through an empirical approach; this paper elaborates on the development of the Khalistan narrative and the role of the Soviet Union, taking into account the 1980s south Asian geopolitics.