Judicial Systems: A Comparative Analysis of India and U.S.A

Anant Faujdar
Assistant Professor, School of Law, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Volume III, Issue IV, 2020

All thoughtful men agree that it would be impossible to govern any country wisely without a good judiciary; and accordingly every enlightened nation has established courts, conferring on them such powers and imposing on them such duties as seem best calculated to promote the public welfare. Indeed, the importance of the judiciary is now so thoroughly recognized that in every land where liberty is cherished and the law respected, the people are engaged in a constant struggle to improve their system; and in that struggle the judges have everywhere borne the most useful part. With that thought in my mind, the researcher would now like to introduce the topic.

Given the complex nature of comparative study in the field of judicial systems, the researcher has tried meticulously to analyse the topic based on five yardsticks, namely- the constitution and composition of courts, principle of natural justice, concept of judicial review and how it is enforced, separation of powers and finally the challenges that lay ahead of both the judicial systems.