International Humanitarian Law And Un Peace Operations
Student of LL.M., Chanakya National Law University, Patna, India
Volume III, Issue IV, 2020
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and the Law of Wars are used synonymously. IHL comes to play during the war and armed conflicts where human rights are violated ruthlessly. The parties involved in the dispute are likely to endanger the peace and security of the region and the dispute needs to be resolved to secure peace and security. UN act as an intermediary between the parties engaged in war and reinforces peace and security through its agencies and with the help of other signatories of the UN Security Council. The need for the peacekeeping forces comes into the picture at the time of resolution of the dispute in a specific region through peaceful means, the Security Council may call upon the state parties in this regard. The UN does not have its military force but takes assistance from state-parties. 120 countries have contributed to more than 70 peacekeeping operations through their military forces up till now.
Keywords: IHL, the Law of Wars, peace and security, peacekeeping forces, the Security Council.