Food Security and Livelihood Security Under WTO and FTAs
Volume III, Issue II, 2020
In this era of globalization, one of the most crucial issues which have emerged in different nations of the world is food insecurity. Due to changes in environmental and economic phenomenon food security is highly affected. Though nations are developing, even some are already developed but people residing in these nations are not aware of the concept of food security. So it’s really important to know what food security is all about. The definition of food security was given by the Rome Declaration on World Food Security at the World Food Summit held in 1996 due to global concerns. It says, “Food security exists when all people, at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. The World Trade Organization (WTO) describes three main aspects of food security. The first one is food availability i.e. having a satisfactory amount of food, the second one is food access i.e. having resources from which one can obtain food and the final one is food utilization i.e. one person should make appropriate use of food available.